Category Archives for Shoulder Test

Shoulder tests – Videos of AC & Scapula tests

A number of muscles of the scapula work in harmony to facilitate and allow full shoulder movement. Damage to the muscles or the nerves going to the muscles may result in abnormal movement of the scapula - called Scapula dyskinisis.

These tests evaluate these muscles and also the ligaments of the AC (acromioclavicular) joint.

AC Joint line tenderness

Cross over test

AC resisted extension test

Paxinos sign

Piano key test

Wall push up

Snapping Scapula

Manuelle muskeltest

Shrug test

M Trapezius intermedius force

General Mobility

M Trapezius superior force

Apley´s scratch test

Hitch-hiker´s thumb test

Alternative measurement internal and external rotation

M Serratus Anterius force

M Trapezius Inferior force

Shoulder tests – Videos of Provocation tests

Certain types of shoulder injury can be diagnosed by eliciting or 'provoking' pain only when the shoulder is in a certain position - these tests are called 'provocation tests'.

There are quite a number of these tests:

Anterior drawer test

Posterior drawer test

Load Shift test (alternative)

Sulcus test

Jerk test

Gagey´s test

Apprehension test

Fulcrum test

Relocation test

Jahnke test

Release test

Crank test

Posterior stress test

Throwers test

Shoulder tests – Videos of Rotator cuff tests

The 'rotator cuff' is a group of tendons arising from muscles that go from scapula to humerus, and whose actions allow rotation and balancing of the shoulder.

Together the tendons form a kind of 'cuff' around the upper end of the humerus.

Jobe Supraspinatus test, Empty Can and Centinella test

Kelly´s test

Patte´s test

External rotation test

Whipple test

Codman´s Palpation test

ERLS test (External Rotation Lag sign)

Deltoid Lag Sign

Drop sign

Dropping sign

Drop arm test

Painful Arc

Hornblower`s sign

IRLS test (Internal Rotation Lag Sign)

Napoleon´s test

The muscles whose tendons make up the rotator cuff include:

  • Teres minor
  • Infraspinatus
  • Supraspinatus
  • Subscapularis

Shoulder tests – Videos of SLAP tests

The abbreviation SLAP stands for 'Superior Labrum Anterior and Posterior'. The labrum is a cartilage structure that accommodates the rounded head of the humerus in the shoulder. 

The labrum of the shoulder can become torn in the same sort of way that the meniscus of the knee can become torn..

O´Brians test

Biceps load test

Resisted Supination External Rotation test (RSER)

Biceps load II test

A new pain provocation test

Forced shoulder abduction and elbow flexion test

Speed´s test

Yergason´s test

ARES ARIS Lafosse test

Biceps instability test

Kibler test

SLAP tears are classified according to their severity.